Ecotourism is another form of tourism. It is also known as responsible travel. Its activities have grown over the years. More growth is expected in the future.

Also, ecotourism is nature-based tourism. It includes social, cultural, and natural surroundings.

In fact, it helps to promote natural standards with a focus to visit natural areas. Therefore, it is viewed as a trip to nature to know the cultural and natural environment in which guests interact with the locals.

Also, ecotourism has become one of the fastest-growing segments of the tourism industry. It has brings around 40-60 % of global visitors.

Thus, the main aim is a trip to a natural place to know the culture and environment. The people involved in this type of travel take special care of the environment.

The nature of Ecotourism

  1. It helps to protect and preserves the environment. In addition to this, it also gives financial gains to the locals.
  2. It safeguards natural resources.
  3. Supports the steps that promote environmental protection.
  4. It is an eco-friendly trip. Therefore, it focuses to preserve natural resources for future use.
  5. Promotes environmental integrity and produces financial and conservation benefits.
  6. Also, it is a conservation tool. A trip that meets the environment, social and economic needs of the region.
  7. It preserves the culture and laws of the local people.
  8. Respects the local customs and helps in conservation efforts.
  9. Therefore, its main idea is to conserve the environment and improves the living standard of local people.

The Importance of Ecotourism

From the above points, we can see how vital is ecotourism in today’s world. Therefore it is also essential to include its importance.

  1. It creates Job Avenue.
  2. It gives jobs and income to the local people. Thus, it improves the life of the local people.
  3. Promotes the heritage and conservation of the environment.
  4. It provides environmental education for visitors.
  5. It helps in the growth of new resorts, recreation areas, beaches, etc.
  6. Reduce the impact of the environment.
  7. It helps to expand national parks and forest protection.
  8. It provides financial help for environmental conservation. Therefore, it helps to prevent the environment
  9. Supports local businesses.
  10. It protects culture, heritage, and nature.
  11. It helps to maintain the quality of the environment.
  12. Takes care of the environment and social culture impacts.
  13. It helps to improve the local infrastructure.
  14. It provides cultural knowledge and respects the culture and customs of the local people.
  15.  Improves the well-being of the local people.

A person taking part in this type of tourism should follow certain principles

  1. Supports global human rights and labor agreements.
  2. They should not buy endangered plants and animals.
  3. It provides financial aid and the empowerment of the host people.
  4. The large inflow of guests would not disrupt the local system.
  5. It does not cause tension to the local people.
  6. In fact, it does not have an adverse impact on resources.
  7. It has a low impact on the environment. Therefore, it helps to maintain the local environment and provides income to the locals.

Limitations of Ecotourism

  1. This type of tourism is found in rural areas. The living of local people depends on the natural environment. Therefore, there is a danger that the visitors might over-use the resources in rural areas.
  2. If the local people are not hired for the staff, the host people will not get the financial benefits. Therefore, to curb its limitation, it is vital to include the local people.
  3. Over-use of local supplies can lead to a lack of resources. Thus, ecotourism can lead to depletion of resources.
  4. The overuse of natural resources can damage the environment.
  5. Also, the rural areas can be over visited. So, in order to check this limitation, there are many places that practice environmental carrying capacity.


Thus, ecotourism is a responsible visit to the natural environment. The aims are to save the environment and improve the well-being of the local people. It is a type of sustainable tourism that is based on natural resources. As a result of its importance, the government has taken steps to develop ecotourism.

The Differences Between Sustainable Tourism and Responsible Tourism

Sustainable Tourism

This term is used to define all forms of tourism which are in harmony with the physical, social and cultural environment. Therefore, the main aim is to meet the present as well as future needs.

Besides, this type of travel reduces the harmful impact on the environment. Thus, to reduce this, it works towards careful plans, management, and monitor tourism growth.

Also, this form of tourism protects the environment for futures use. As a result, it ensures that future generations will have enough resources to sustain themselves and maintain a fair quality of life.

Sustainable tourism development includes the following:

  1. To preserve the resources that can be used by the local people and the tourist.
  2. The development project should fit with society and the local culture.
  3. To meet the expectation of the guests without any harm to the environment
  4. Respect for the local cultures, traditions, and customs.

Responsible tourism

  1. It is based on the idea of sustainable tourism growth. It is a positive step taken by all in the field of the tourism industry.
  2. Responsible Tourism covers:
  3. It aims at the conservation of the environment and should promote eco-friendly practices.
  4. The government should include the local people in the growth of the tourism project
  5. The local people should ensure the safety of the tourists
  6. Tourists should respect local cultures, customs, and traditions.
  7. The tourist should value local laws and practices.

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