The five A’s of tourism forms an integral part of the travel and tourism industry. Without the five A’s, it will be impossible to undertake tourism. Thus, without further ado, let us discuss the five A’s of tourism.
Five A’s of Tourism
The five “A’S can be classified into:
Accessibility refers to the transport and transport infrastructure to reach a pre-defined destination. Tourists look for comfort and hassle-free travel. Apart from comfort and hassle-free travel, tourist should also look into comfort, cost, convenience, time for traveling, and safety as other important factors which need to be considered before undertaking a journey.
Accommodation plays a major role in the development and image of tourism. Every traveler needs a comfortable and safe place to stay and relax. Tourists look for clean, hygiene, well-maintained rooms, and well-trained staff with a comfortable bed, clean linen, and sanitary facilities with adequate hot and also the cold water supply. Therefore, a wide range of accommodation options exists at most destinations ranging from tourist lodge to five-star accommodations.
Amenities refers to the facilities available at the destination which help in meeting the needs and also the wants of tourist. Tourist amenities include food and beverage facilities, local transport, a good communication network, automatic teller machine (ATMs) drinking water, medical facilities, etc. Therefore, all these amenities are important facilities and must be available at the destination.
One of the principal reasons for undertaking travel to a particular destination is the attraction. So, attractions can be classified into four categories.
- Natural Attractions: Natural attractions can be the pristine beach, waterfalls, scenic views, climate, heavy rainfalls, snow, mountain, geographical landscape, etc. In simple words, we can say natural attractions are natural resources and not man-made resources.
- Man-Made Attraction: Man-made attractions are an attraction created by humans. The attractions can be theme parks, Disney World, Ocean Park, or any attractions which are made by man to pull the tourist to the destination.
- Cultural Attraction: Cultural attraction can be described in the form of fairs, festivals, celebrations, museums, and theatre which depict the history and culture of a country or community.
- Social Attraction: Social attraction is a place where one can meet and interact with the locals at the destination as well as meet friends and relatives.
It includes those activities that a destination offers. For example, boating, spas, etc.
What are the Tourism regions of the World?
The tourism industry is a vast industry made up of different services to cater to the needs of tourists. Different services or sectors of all area are the main reason for the success of tourism, the industry comprises of many sectors and sub-industries such as the hospitality industry, transport industry, entertainment, and attractions, all these sectors are interconnected and integrated. Based on different services and the sector provided and on the basis of the number of tourists visited and the concentration of popular products and destination the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has divided the world into six tourism regions. Therefore, the six tourism region are:
- East Asia and Pacific region
- Africa Region
- America Region
- Europe Region
- South Asia Region
- Middle East Region
What is the significance of tourism?
Tourism is the world’s largest and fastest-growing industry, it is a global phenomenon. As per the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), the tourism industry generates more than 230 million employments directly or indirectly and the tourism industry contributes 10 percent of the world gross domestic product (GDP).
According to WTTC, the global tourism industry is a USD 5000 trillion industry, every year the number of both domestic and international tourist arrivals has been increasing. UNWTO has forecast the number of both domestic and international travel to increase by 1.6 billion in the year 2020.
The distributions of both domestic and international arrivals are not proportionate throughout the receiving region of the world. Therefore, it is important to know which country is a major generator and a major recipient of tourists.
During the year 2006 to 2007, France receives the most number of tourists. It was followed by Spain, the USA, China, Italy, UK, Germany, Ukraine, Turkey, and Mexico.
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