Hotels and accommodation are interchangeably used. Both of these properties provide more or less the same facilities. The success of the tourism industry highly depends on the success of the types of hotels. Hence, they are a vital component of the tourism industry.
Due to the large movement of people, there is a need for the Government to step into the hotel industry. Therefore, to a large extent, the government helps to build and expands various types of hotels to keep up with the growing demand.
These days, people travel to various locations and travel for various reasons. However, the choice of the types of hotels is different for every visitor. As a result, various types of hotels have emerged.
The naming and rating of hotels are based on the facilities, location, services, etc. of the hotels.
- What is Hotel?
- Types of Hotels
- The Types of Supplementary Hotels
- Tourist Bungalows
- Circuit House
- Dark Bungalows
- Boarding House
- Paying guest accommodation
- Youth Hostel
- Travel Lodge
What is Hotel?
Many scholars define hotels in many ways. In simple terms, a hotel is an establishment or building that provides visitors with rooms, food, and other facilities. The hotel is a fixed building that does not move. In a hotel, it is not possible to transfer facilities and services to the visitors. The visitor enjoys the facilities and services of the hotel during their stay.
Types of Hotels
It is a Western-style hotel, they provide modern facilities. Therefore, star hotels are the finest types of hotels. They are found in metropolitan cities and major tourist areas.
However, the hotels vary from five stars deluxe to one-star, based on the services and facilities of the hotels.
Commercial hotels primarily cater to individual travelers. Besides, commercial hotels are located in business centers, cities, or towns. They provide basic facilities to their guests. The private owners run the hotels. Hence, the success of commercial hotels depends on the type of service and facilities they provide.
The idea of the Apartment was started in America. This kind of hotel is often defined as residential homes with hotel facilities. It is known as an apartment hotel because the facilities are similar to our home.
Besides, they are located in major cities with European plans. The plans include only room without food. The Rooms in this hotel are furnished or not furnish. The hotels are sold out on a monthly or annual basis.
Rotel is an air-conditioned coach; it offers lodging, sleep, food, and complete transport. The Rotel offers a bed, reading lamp, article rack, and a personal mirror for each passenger. Besides, the sleeping coach of a Rotel has a three-tier room with a bed next to the wardrobe. In addition, this kind of hotel has a kitchen with a sink, cupboard, and fridge.
The old ships, which were used for passenger transport, are converted into hotels, with modern facilities. These converted hotels are known as floating hotels. This type of hotel is located on the surface of the water, rivers, or lakes. The facilities of this hotel are similar to regular hotels. Hence, it has become popular in many locations.
Palaces, Castles, Fortresses, and Havelis of the Royal property are converted into hotels to let the guests experience the culture and tradition of the Royal families. These properties are renovated with modern facilities for the guests. In India, the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat are famous for heritage hotels. Examples of heritage hotels are Lake Palace in Udaipur and Umaid Bhavan Palace in Jodhpur.
The resort provides visitors a place to sleep, relax, and enjoy. Resort hotels meet the needs of visitors traveling for health or climate change. The focus of resorts is rest, relaxation, and recreation.
The resorts are located close to the ocean, hills, and other areas of natural beauty. Therefore, the classification of resorts depends on the locations, the climate, and topography. For eg summer resort, winter resort, hilly resort, Health Resorts, Forest Resorts, and Beaches.
Besides, the resort provides facilities sus as swimming pools, golf courses, tennis courts, skiing, boating, surfing, etc. and various indoor sports. However, the facilities at the resort may be different from each other due to their locations
The motels serve the basic requirements for motorists. Motels do not have star grading. Compared to the hotels and due to the lack of amenities motels are less expensive.
Besides, they provide a basic necessity to the motorist such as parking area, lodge, meals, and basic services to travelers. The guests in the motel stay for the short-term. The buildings are single or double storied. They are located on the major highway or outskirts of the town.
The Types of Supplementary Hotels
These hotels offer meals and a place to sleep. The facilities in these hotels are minimal. The room charges are based on the services provided. Therefore, these types of hotels have the following advantages:
- It is more reasonable than the star hotels
- Also offers a close approach to the natural environment
- It provides a platform for social contact and amusement.
These bungalows are located at tourist centers to cater to the needs of travelers. The facilities are moderate and minimal. Mostly, the middle-class and budget traveler prefer these types of hotels.
Besides, we often see the budget youth travelers coming from overseas choose this type of hotel. The hotel provides the basic services and facilities that are suitable to meet the requirements of the budget travelers. The price of the room depends on the services and facilities of the hotel.
This kind of hotel provides a friendly environment that is suitable for family travelers. Therefore, the structure of the hotel is relatively smaller than the star hotels.
These houses are superior in terms of facilities as compares to tourist bungalows. Therefore, the hotel is suitable for senior government officials and student groups.
The guests in this hotel can use the rooms with facilities according to the requirements. Besides, there is a large hall with several single beds. Each bed has shelves, common toilets, and showers. The price of the room is nominal. However, they do not provide food.
These hotels cater the government duty officials. Therefore, the hotel is like a small residential building with a limited number of rooms.
The hotels are located from a public works perspective in a significant location. Thus, the facilities in these hotels are moderate and the rooms are at low prices.
This type of hotel provides accommodation usually with meals at a definite time, week, or month. It is a small enterprise that is perfect for guests who are staying for a certain duration. Therefore, the booking has to be done in advance.
Paying guest accommodation
The idea of this type of hotel was from the British. It has now become popular in India. Many international travelers prefer this kind of hotel.
Besides, it allows travelers to communicate with Indian families because the owner and the guests stay in the same building. The advantage of this system is that it responds quickly to the seasonal needs of the guests. In Rajasthan and Goa, it is very common.
The idea was launched in 1900. A youth hostel provides a clean, easy, affordable place to stay for young individuals. This kind of hostel is popular amongst the young budget domestic travelers. Thus, young travelers while traveling on holidays or for educational reasons prefer this type of stay.
The youth hostel provides a place where young people with different social and national backgrounds can meet and understand each other. Also, the comfort is modest, stays are limits and costs are low.
This is a simple hotel located in a remote location. Besides, it is quite famous at the remote tourist destination. The lodge’s rooms are comfortable and air-conditioned.
Most of the basic requirements are serve in these lodges. Besides basic requirements, daily needs are available in these lodges. As it is not feasible for visitors to go to distant cities to buy daily needs, therefore, they provide a dining room with fixed or slightly improved menus and daily necessities such as oil, comb, towels, tea, and coffee, etc.
This type of hotel caters to the need of people who travel primarily for a religious reason. The property owner provides housing pilgrims who can find a place to sleep, a fire to keep warm, and something to eat.
New Concepts of Hotels
Most of these fresh hotels are based on ideas from the USA and Europe. They are neither completely traditional nor supplementary accommodation. Therefore, the services provided by this accommodation differ from each other.
Some of the new concepts of hotels are:
It is a new concept type of hotel. The kind of hotel includes joint ownership. The owner of the hotel gives out the hotel on a contract basis to the Management Company to operate. Besides, the owner and the management company share the profits from the hotel at the end of the year.
Family travelers mostly prefer this type of hotel, since they provide enough space and facilities for cooking and are also economical.
In the year 1979, this type of hotel was started in Osaka, Japan. A capsule hotel is a box made of plastic or glass-reinforced cement. The capsule box has the entrance either on one side or another side of the box.
Besides, this type of hotel provides basic facilities such as beds, televisions, flexible lightning, and boxes for valuables and desks. Therefore, to some extent, it is similar to a second-class AC train. Facilities such as toilets, washrooms, vending machines, and lounge areas are located on each floor.
This is a designer’s hotel with themes that offer customers luxury personalized services. They are smaller and cheaper than star hotels. This kind of hotel has around three to one hundred rooms.
It is the latest hotel management idea. The payments for the room are the same as any hotel deluxe room. This concept has brought the unit into the ranks of junior managers. This type of hotel provides only basic services to the guests. Initially, this type of service is provided in India by Sheraton, Hilton, Hyatt, and Radisson. Gradually, most of the star hotels have adopted this new idea of hotel keeping.
This type of hotel is popular in Europe and the United States. The hotel is owned and run by a family that stays in the same building. The pension is also called a residential hotel. Thus, they play an important role to cater to the guests, especially those with limited budgets.
In England and India, they are very common. The tourists who are looking for good food and outdoor life prefer this kind of stay. Large farmers are building farmhouses on agricultural land and sell it to the visitors for extra income. In Denmark, the packaging of farm holidays through travel agents for the international market is quite effective
This type of hotel is very similar to apartment houses. Its characteristics feature is that co-owners can use another apartment in another place and another building through the exchange system agreed upon in advance.
History of Hotels
Till the middle of the 19th century, people travel within national borders. Traveling beyond the national borders was less. Most of the journey was for business purposes. During this era, travel volumes are low and a small part of the rich population segment travels to different places.
However, after the Industrial Revolution, we can see major changes in technology and infrastructure. These changes led to the development of locomotives and vehicles that result in a mass movement of people.
Besides, the mass travel group needs a place to sleep and rest. Therefore, the mass movement has led to the growth of various hotels and inns.
Besides, the mass movement of people, the demand for food and lodging has increased. As a result, nowadays, travelers need a place to rest, sleep, luggage storage, etc. which led to the growth of hotels. Thus, the hotel industry has played a significant role to accommodate travelers.
The hotel has become one of the fastest-growing sectors in the world to meet the needs of the mass movement of people. Hotels in the form of low budget lodges to the world-class hotel can now be found at a major tourist destination. These hotels provide a home away from home for public travel.
History of Hotels in India
India is famous for being a guest-friendly location. Since ancient times, “Atithi Deva Bhava” or “Guest is God” has been a slogan. There were no hotels in ancient times and households took care of tourist requirements for food and lodging. The kings built Dharamshalas, roads, planted trees, and made drinking water arrangements. The Muslim rulers build the Sarais. In the USA Inns took the name of taverns.
As civilization and industrialization took place, the construction of hotels begun. British were the first ones to contribute to the hotel industry. Maybe the first to get the name ‘Hotels in India’ as ‘Victor Hotels’ and ‘Albion Hotels’.
The First Western-Style Hotel in India
In I840, Pallongee Pestonjee has opened the first western-style hotel in India. The hotel is called the ‘British Hotel’ in Mumbai. The 20th century is a turning point in the history of the Indian hotel sector. Large business owners and corporate owners have joined the hotel industry. Indian Hotel Company was founded in 1902. J. N. Tata opened the Taj Hotel in Mumbai in the year 1904. Subsequently, many other hotels came into the picture.
The early hotels in India are Ajanta, New Woodland, Grand Hotels, and India Related Hotels: Ltd., East India Hotels Ltd., Oberoi Hotels, and Wild Flower Hall, etc.
Thereafter, many private and public sectors joined the hotel business after independence. These sectors are Air India, the Indian Tourism Development cooperation, Indian Tobacco Company Limited, and Clarks Hotels Group, and so on.
Nowadays, travelers can choose different types of hotels based on their budgets. there are also many hotels that have tied up with travel agencies to make hotel booking easy. In fact, to offer reasonable hotel prices is one of the main functions of travel agencies.