This article explains in detail the Impacts of World War on Tourism. Below are the major Impacts of World War on Tourism.
The rivalry over trade and colonial possessions and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914, triggered World War 1. The war causes massive destruction of human life and property. Most of the country’s resources were used for producing materials required for the war. As a result of the war, the period has witnessed in technology advancement in radio communication, land, and air transport. This technological advancement was later used to develop various industries.
Impacts of World War 1 on Tourism
The end of World War 1 helped in prosperity throughout Europe and the USA. This period is popular as the “Roaring Twenties” as wealth and leisure time was in abundance. Pleasure travels and luxury liners regain popularity. Besides, there was a great improvement in automobile transportation and infrastructure.
Further, we can even see constructions of resorts and hotels along the beaches, mountains, lakes near the cities resulting to indulge in pleasure travel.
Impacts of World War 2 on Tourism
World War 2 war declared in 1939. The War was for six years. With the detonation of the nuclear bombs at Hiroshima in 1945, there was a sharp rise in technology. World War ended with great depression throughout the Western World, the industry expanded to produce weapons for war and continued expansion even after the war shifting to production of consumer goods. This marked the beginning of consumer goods.
Benefits of the Industrial Era in Tourism
The Industrial Revolution which occurred in the late 18th and 19th century was a period when major changes occur in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. The Industrial Revolution was started in Britain and subsequently spread across the world. One of the first products of the Industrial Revolution which has a major impact on the advance of our modern days is the development of steam engines. The steam engine was widely used in the industries for manufacturing and also it was used for the transportation of products, steam-powered ships, and railways which reduces the travel period. The internal combustion engine and electrical power generation were also developed during the Industrial Revolution. With the improvement of transportation, people migrated to towns to work in factories.
Rail travel eas the first form of mass travel. With the advent of rail, a large number of people can travel from one place to another at a relatively low cost. In 1841, Thomas Cook, pioneer travel agent organized a special train to carry 570 passengers from Leicester to Loughborough to attend a meeting. In 1843 he took around 3000 children on a trip from Leicester to Derby. As a result of ease travel gradually people began to visit far places which resulted in a spurt in pleasure travel.
The Advent of Technology in Tourism
Automobiles with internal combustion engines were developed in 1860 AD. With the invention of automobiles, there was a mass production in 1903 which is popular as a technological advance. This technological advancement became the main mode of transportation that allows people to travel as per their will.
In the year 1908 Henry Ford launched the people’s car, the Ford Model “T’ also known as the “Tin Lizzie”, it was comparatively low-priced, economically and changed the outlook of travel worldwide.
The Industrial Revolution has played a major role as a great turning point in the history of the world. Before the Industrial Revolution working-class groups lived and worked under miserable conditions. The industrial Revolution has mobilized a large number of people to work in cities. As a result, it improves the working condition by giving time and money to travel.
Working hours have reduced from 70 hours to 40 hours a week, wages were increased with the Ford Motor Company paying USD 5 a day which was one of the highest wages paid to workers; weekly off was introduced and Labour Act was enforced. In fact, with the increase in wages, there were great disposable incomes and creates a middle-class group.
Before World War 1, the privileged call of society led a fortunate lifestyle with ample servants, comforts, and plenty of leisure time. The luxury liners which crossed the Atlantic in those days were unmatched in terms of services and comfort offered to the passengers and even surpassed those services offered by many of the finest resorts of today.
Air travel has its origin with the use of the hot-air balloon in 1783 by the French. The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur succeeded in sailing their prototype airplane in December 103 near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The plane flew 120 feet at about 48 kilometers per hour; air travel became commercial in 1919, and shortly after World War 1 offering daily flights between Paris and London.
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