The history of travel dates back in the 4th or 5th BC. During this era, people travel in search of food and shelter. In the past, there were no travel formalities because there are no rules. The history of travel has changed over the years. Distant travel was far from pleasure because the motivation was not to seek rest. The main motivation was for trade and commerce related activities.
Furthermore, there were other types of travelers; the motivation for travel was besides trade and commerce. The type of traveler was “A Pilgrim”. The main purpose of traveling is to seek knowledge.
TRAVEL FOR TRADE AND COMMERCE
Travel for trade and commerce was the motivation to travel in the past, to create wealth. Traders have traveled far distances to exchange their trade with other countries. Travelers from far countries began to travel in huge numbers; they visit many regions for trade and commercial reasons. Travel becomes simpler with the opening of trade routes. In the trade route, travelers create a good trade friendship with each other, which led to an increase in trade flows. Trade relations between countries have resulted in cultural ties and acceptance of other cultures.
The Phoenicians were some of the oldest travelers. They were likely the first true travelers. These are the people who invented money. Money was used on a large scale, in various trade and business transactions. The traders can pay for transport, various types of hotels, trade, and business. The discovery of money and trade growth began around 3000 B. C. The invention of money was, in fact, crucial in the growth and development of travel.
In India and China, early travelers focus on trade and commerce. Travelers from all over the ancient world traveled in India and China. These two countries enjoy reputations as trade and commerce centers. Even before Christianity, travelers travel to India in search of wealth.
TRAVEL TO FIND KNOWLEDGE
In ancient times (to understand more about ancient times, here is the source of ancient India), travel motivation has changed from trade and commerce to travel to find knowledge and explore new lands. The search for new knowledge and exploration of land had become a powerful reason. The explorer can be called a pioneer to pave the way for modern travel.
TRAVEL FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES
During middle age, people travel for religious purposes. In this period, travel for religious purposes had become important. In most parts of the world, travels for pilgrim has become a custom practice. Most of the pilgrims traveled to major holy sites in Europe. Furthermore, the acceptance and spread of Christianity have led people to visit holy sites. As a result, it creates religious unity.
THE EARLY TRAVELER TO INDIA
The history of travel in India was inscribed in the inscription of the Persian king Darius. Free access to ports; sea trade through Egypt with Europe is another reason people travel in the country. There are also references from many Persians who visited Indian land for trade and commerce. Cultural exchanges between Persia and India are also mentioned. The impact of Persian customs in Chandragupta Maurya’s court was also mentioned.
Big travelers from various countries go to India. Hieun-Tsang one of the greatest traveler, a Chinese Buddhist, sail to India around A.D. 633. His main mission was to collect and translate ancient Buddhism scriptures. Other renowned travelers are Alexander the Great, Marco Polo, Mark Twain, etc.
Also, Harsha was another emperor who follows the teaching of Buddhists. He built institutions and Dharamshalas. Rest homes in cities and villages were built. Monasteries and temples were also built for the pilgrims. Religion thus plays an important role in the journey and continues to play.
THE FIRST PLEASURE TRAVELERS
The history of travel for pleasure purposes was first practiced by the Romans. The Romans built a good highway network and new roads. With the introduction of the horse, the Romans could move more than one hundred miles or more a day. They travel to see famous temples in the Mediterranean region, especially Egyptian monuments, and famous pyramids. During the holidays, the Romans traveled to the famous Olympics games.
Spa and resorts flourished during the Roman Empire and gave birth to pleasure travel. Medicinal baths and resorts later known as spas were popular with the Romans. The spa was started from mineral water treatment, either by drinking water or by soaking the body. The focus of the spas was water treatment. Gradually, the spa added facilities for pleasure and entertainment to their medicinal facilities.
Besides, the growth of spas played a major role in pleasure travel in European countries. Spas help in the development of different seaside resorts. People came to know the curative healing of seawater in the second half of the 18th century. Bathing in the sea becomes common, and they think it benefits than a spa. Seaside resorts began to emerge in 1865. It became popular in England, France, Italy, and several other European countries. The growth is a consequence of the demand for holiday travel. Both spas and beach resorts pave the way to pleasure travel throughout the world. As a result, every year millions of people visit different beach resorts.
The grand tour shifted the history of travel from people searching for food and shelter to cultural reasons. This kind of tour was a tour of major cities and interesting places in European countries. The main focus of the trip was cultural enrichment. The tour became an important source of education for young people academic and for pleasure.
Mentors guide the tour to impart cultural knowledge. They explain European art, science, music, culture, and literature.
The reason for the tour has changed from enriching culture to sensual pleasures of all ages. Scholars, diplomats, and businessmen are the main groups to take the tour and the period is for 3 years. It is said that tourism begins with the beginning of the grand tour. During this period, we can see the appearance of hotels. The grand tour for the British elite peaked in 1700 and ended after the French revolution in 1789.
The beginning of the Annual Holidays in Europe is a crucial landmark of travel. The idea of a holiday lets people travel during the 19th century. An annual holiday paves the way to ‘Paid Vacation‘. The paid vacation was responsible for a large movement of people. The word holiday means a break from daily work life, a time for leisure, recreation, and fun. People travel through ages. The initial travel was to travel in search of food and shelter. In the past, there were no travel formalities because there are no rules. The mode of travel has been changing over the years. Distant travel was far from pleasure because the motivation was not to seek rest. The main motivation was for trade and commerce related activities.