In a broad sense, different types of sentiment may be divided into two types as concrete and abstract. The concrete sentiment is simple whereas abstract sentiment is more complex in its nature and structure. Therefore, the two types of sentiment are as follows:

Different Types of Sentiment

Concrete Sentiment

This type of sentiment is derived out of the concrete object in the environment. Man’s organized and integrated feeling and emotion may be formed in mind towards a concrete object, situation, or a person. Tender sentiment formed towards father and mother and also even to the pet dog in the family situation may be cited as an example here. A good writer forms his objective sentiment towards his pen also. Here individual physical attachment or association with the object is considered essential.

Abstract Sentiment

This type of sentiment is formed when the individual attains somewhat mental maturity to form an abstract concept in mind. The moral sentiment of truth, justice, and non-violence are formed in the mentally mature persons. The development of the humanitarian senses in mind is the result of the formation of abstract sentiment. Therefore, this type of sentiment has a far-reaching effect on man’s super-structure of personality.

Some Different Types of Sentiments in the Human Mind

A man’s emotional life is very delicate and at the same time very resourceful. Such delicacy can be better understood through sentiment. Thus, different types of sentiment in the human mind are:

Intellectual Sentiment

This form of sentiment has been originated from the quest for the truth and search for new knowledge and experience in the human mind. Men of intelligence and the conscious section of people are engaged in their effort of self-learning owing to the formation of this kind of sentiment. The absence of this sentiment is harmful to the academic achievement of people. 

Aesthetic Sentiment

It represents the sense of beauty and goodness that remains trained and organized in an individual. Therefore, this sentiment urges one to observe, understand, and appreciate the beauty inherent in anything. A creative artist must have to develop this sentiment in making his original contribution to art, literature, and music, etc.

Moral Sentiment

This sentiment represents the moral sense of right and wrong, truth and false, and virtue in one’s mind towards the situation. Formation of this moral sentiment can only make the student’s behavior and attitude socially desirable and acceptable. Moral training is, therefore, considered essential in the modern education system.

Sentiment of Respect

It is the organized result of the feeling of wonder, submission, and fear in one’s mind. The sentiment of respect may be well reflected through the student’s sense of submission to their teacher. They uncritically and readily accept the feeling, thought, and activity of the teacher out of respect for him. Thus, the sentiment of respect may help to acquire new knowledge and build up certain desirable qualities of character in the students.

Sentiment of Love

Love is the organized result of the feeling of sex, self-assertion, submission, and also tender emotion in an individual mind. It develops a sense of hope, inspiration, courage, and self-confidence in mind to face one’s life and its problems. The sentiment of love when promoted and sublimated may inspire one for creative self-expression of a high order. Thus, this kind of sentiment makes one’s personality more attractive, humane, and noble.

Sentiment of Self-Regard

It may be described as the master-sentiment of an individual. Thus, it is superior to all forms of sentiment. This sentiment is built up by man towards his own self. Also, it is the feeling of one’s own self or self-respect that guides and directs his thought and action. The self-regarding sentiment is the organized result of self-assertion and self-submission in mind. Therefore, it is based on the realization of the strength and capability of his own in doing things for himself. It also helps to form a moral ideal that goes to evolve in one’s personality and character.

Meaning and Definition of Sentiment

The sentiment is the organized and permanent state of various feelings and emotions on a certain object or situation formed in an individual mind. Moreover, it is the acquired tendency or inclination gradually built up towards object, person, or situation through repetition of feeling and emotion. It also determines individual behavior and reaction relating to the situation. Thus, the sentiment is an organized, trained, and integrated state of emotion.

According to M.C Dougall, “Sentiment is an acquired disposition gradually built up through many emotional experiences and activities.” It is not the single emotion experienced in a single situation quite accidentally. To take an example, a man who is in love with a girl, feels joy in her presence, feels sad in her absence, feels fear when in danger, feels anger if somebody attacks her, and feels jealous if some other person associated with her. Such various emotional experiences on the girl finding expression in an organized way are the sentiment of love.

On consideration of the above definitions, sentiment may, therefore, be said as the organized emotional nature of an individual. It remains more or less permanent that determines behavior and reaction. Also, it is not the immediate outburst of feeling and emotion effected accidentally to the situation. Thus, the sentiment is the persistent and comparatively permanent state of organized emotions. Love of the mother towards the son, respect of the students toward their teacher, and the sense of honor towards the religious leader by his followers may be described as a sentiment.

The Major Characteristics of Different Types of Sentiment

The characteristics of sentiment are:

  1. It is a more or less permanent state of feeling and emotion in mind.
  2. Experience of sentiment is pleasing and constructive rather than painful and destructive.
  3. It is the organized result of emotional disposition towards an object, person, or situation.
  4. Also, it is the acquired tendency built up through repetition of the same kind of feeling and emotions.
  5. The sentiment is not the immediate and accidental outburst of feeling and emotion in mind on a certain situation.
  6. It determines a man’s behavior and outlook towards a person or a situation.

Difference Between Emotion and Sentiment

The differences between emotion and sentiment are as follows:

EmotionSentiment
It is the result of a feeling of pleasure and pain in the presence of a stimulus.It is the permanent state of feeling built up in the mind of an individual.
Emotion remains un-organized and it is situational in nature.The sentiment is organized and pre-determined in nature.
It is a specific feeling experience relating to a particular situation.It is a complex experience involving a number of emotions together.
Its experience is temporary and short-lived.Also, its experience is more lasting and durable.
Emotion is a native experience.The sentiment is an acquired experience.
It may be either pleasant or unpleasant.It is the result of a pleasant experience.
Emotion is an uncontrolled state of mind.The sentiment is a controlled state of mind.
Also, it is more concerned with the present situation.It is more concerned with past experiences.

The Educational Significance of Different Types of Sentiment:

The sentiment works as a powerful motivating force in learning and doing. Student’s formation of the sentiment of respect and love for the teacher goes a long way in their attainment of knowledge and experience on the subjects. Therefore, the sentiment of love and respect for the teacher serves as a source of inspiration for future life in the students. Their formation of character and personality is the organized result of self-regarding sentiment. Also, group morale and the corporate life of the school largely depend on the sentiment of friendship formed in the students.

Also, it may arouse the sense of involvement, discipline, loyalty, and co-operation in them. Such a sentiment may last for many years after the students have left the school. In the absence of this sentiment, student life may appear to be quite dull, mechanical, and lifeless. Our emotional life without the formation of sentiment appears to be mere chaos and disorder that lacks consistency. In fact, one of the Aims of Education is a means to organize our emotional experiences in the formation of desirable sentiment, outlook, and attitude.

Source: 

Higher Secondary Education for HS 1st Year

By: Jatin Borua

Note: There are some changes in the Length and Text of the Article.

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